Interactive Technical Guide

Rubberlite's Interactive Technical Guide will assist you in identifying Rubberlite HyPUR-cel and Visco-cel materials that could be suited to meet your product requirements. The mission of this design tool is to provide several material options based upon your application requirements.

Compression Deflection @ 25% (CD) ASTM D1056

The measure of the hardness of a cellular rubber product. In other words, the force required to compress a material 25% of its original thickness. It can be expressed in lb/in2 (pounds per square inch) or kPa.

Compression Force Deflection (CFD) ASTM D3574

A test which consists of measuring the force necessary to produce a 50% compression over the entire top area of the foam specimen. In other words, the force required to compress a material 50% of its original thickness. Also referred to as Compression Load Deflection (CLD).

Compression Set ASTM D1056

The extent to which a material is permanently deformed by a prolonged compressive load, most commonly expressed as a percentage of original height. The test method is for room temperature (22hrs @ 73 degrees F).

Compression Set ASTM D3574

The extent to which a material is permanently deformed by a prolonged compressive load, most commonly expressed as a percentage of original height. The test method is for elevated temperature (22hrs at 158 degrees F).

Density ASTM D3574

The weight in solids of a unit volume of material expressed in pounds per cubic foot (PCF) or grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3). In other words, it is the ratio of the mass of a body to its volume.

Elongation

The extension between bench marks produced by a tensile force applied to a specimen. Expressed as a percentage, this test is used to measure the length of stretch in a material before it breaks.

Resilience ASTM D2632

A test to determine the shock absorption properties of a foam. On this test, a material is placed flat on an instrument and a weight is dropped onto it from a specified height. The amount of bounce is then taken from a scale to get the final value. The lower the value, the higher the shock absorption properties of the foam.

Tear Strength

A measure of how well a foam can withstand the effects of tearing, expressed in units of load per unit width. The most common methods used are ASTM D624 Die C which is a tear initiation test and ASTM D3574 Die F which is a tear propagation test.

Tensile Strength ASTM D3574

The maximum pounds per square inch (psi) that a material can be stretched lengthwise without tearing, expressed as a percentage of the original length.

Property Sheets

Sponge Rubber > EPDM Blend

Sponge Rubber > Epichlorohydrin

Sponge Rubber > Natural Rubber

Sponge Rubber > Neo-PVC-Nitrile

Sponge Rubber > Neoprene

Sponge Rubber > Neoprene EPDM

Sponge Rubber > Neoprene-EPDM-SBR

Sponge Rubber > Nitrile

Sponge Rubber > SBR

Visco-cel®

Glossary

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A2LA

American Association of Laboratory Accreditation- a non-profit, professional membership society committed to the success of laboratories through the administration of a broad spectrum, nationwide laboratory accreditation system and a full range of training on laboratory practices taught by experts in their field.

Abrasion Resistance

The ability of a fiber or fabric to withstand surface wear and rubbing.

Accelerated Aging

A test method to represent extended aging of material in a shorter amount of time. For cellular rubber it is the process of artificially increasing time to measure physical property changes. This usually involves exposure to air at an elevated temperature.

Acrylic Adhesive

A pressure sensitive adhesive formed by the polymerization of acrylic ester monomers. These adhesives exhibit high temperature resistance, excellent U.V. resistance, good plasticizer resistance and good aging characteristics.

Ambient

An ambiguous term referring to a stable temperature environment of approximately 70°F or "room temperature".

Antioxidants

Chemical compounds or substances that are added to foams to improve their resistance to oxidation. An examples of oxidation in polyurethane foams is a gradual shift of color to yellow.

ASTM

Initials used as an abbreviation for the American Society for Testing and Materials, which is an organization devoted to the establishment of standard methods and procedures of testing materials.

ASTM D 1056

American Society For Testing and Materials. This specification (D 1056) covers flexible cellular rubber products known as sponge rubbers and expanded rubbers. It is designed to provide certain physical property parameters and test methods for cellular rubber. Previous versions include 2014, 2007, 2000, 1998, 1991, 1985, 1978, 1968, 1967 & 1965.

Ball Rebound Test

One of several test methods for comparing flexible foam for resilience (see Resiliency). Basically, a steel ball of specified mass is dropped from a fixed height onto a foam sample, and the height of the rebound of the ball is recorded. The rebound height is divided by the original height to give a percentage. The method is a relative test rather than absolute, since the density of the foam has a strong influence on the results.

Batch Number

On Rubberlite certifications this basically means ship date. An example would be A-110. The A stands for the month, 11 stands for the day and the 9 stands for the year. The result of this example would be January 11, 2000.

Blemish

An imperfection occurring in a cellular rubber product. It is usually circular in appearance and does not go completely through the material. Sometimes referred to as a dimple.

Blend Materials

Various polymers used in the manufacture of cellular rubber materials that are blended together to give a product a wide range of resistance properties.

Blowing Agent

Various chemicals used in the manufacture of cellular rubber products that cause the material to expand by giving off a gas when they are exposed to heat.

Bun

A cellular rubber product that is manufactured in a mold and is usually rectangular in appearance. Also known as a block and/or plank.

Capability (Process) Index, Cp or Cpk

A statistical measure used to describe the capability of a process to produce a product (output) within specification tolerance limits. The index is a measure that indicates high or low process variability. Note: Where k is a constant number of subgroups of a given size.

Carrier

When referring to double coated pressure sensitive adhesive, it is the thin medium to which the adhesive is anchored to on both sides. One of the most common carriers is Mylar.

Cells

Refers to the cavities or bubbles left in the foam structure after the walls have completely polymerized, which forms a skeletal structure. Cells can be closed (intact walls) or open (skeletal ribs only).

Cellular Rubber

Low to medium density rubber products containing a cellular structure. The cells may either be open and interconnecting or closed and not interconnecting; a generic term for materials containing many cells (either open or closed, or both) dispersed throughout the mass.

Chemically Blown

A term applying to a cellular material in which the cells are formed by gases generated from thermal decomposition or other chemical reaction. In other words and in most cases, a powdered chemical that is added to a rubber mixture which, when exposed to a certain temperature, turns into a gas and causes the foam to expand.

Closed Cell Rubber

A rubber product produced by a specific manufacturing process that utilizes gas forming ingredients in the rubber compound or by subjecting the compound to a high pressure gas such as nitrogen. Closed cell rubber is defined as a product whose cells are totally enclosed by its walls and hence not interconnecting with other cells. This unique physical property enables closed cell rubber to function as an excellent seal for moisture, dust, air, gas, smoke, noise, etc.

Coarse Cell Structure

A term used to describe the appearance of expanded cellular rubber when the individual cells are larger and/or spread apart further than normal. Sometimes incorrectly referred to as Open Cell.

Colorfastness

The ability of a dyed material to retain its color when exposed to light, atmospheric gases or washing which can destroy its color. Degree of colorfastness is tested by standardized procedures, depending on the end-use of the material.

Compression Deflection @ 25% (CD)

The measure of the hardness of a cellular rubber product. In other words, the force required to compress a material 25% of its original thickness. It can be expressed in lb/in² (pounds per square inch) or kPa.

Compression Force Deflection (CFD)

A test which consists of measuring the force necessary to produce a 50% compression over the entire top area of the foam specimen. In other words, the force required to compress a material 50% of its original thickness. Also referred to as Compression Load Deflection (CLD).

Compression Set

The residual decrease in thickness of a test specimen measured 30 minutes or 24 hours after removal from a suitable loading device in which the specimen had been subjected for a definite time to compressive deformation under specified conditions of load and temperature.

Control Limits

Limits on a control chart that are used as criteria for signaling the need for action, or for judging whether a set of data does or does not represent a "state of statistical control."

Converter

One that is employed in changing a raw material into another form of product.

Cordura

A very strong, super fine yarn fabric made of air-textured, high-tenacity nylon that meets specific strength, durability and construction requirements.

Cross Section

Concerning fabrics, the shape of an individual filament when cut at right angles to its axis. Normal shapes for manufactured fibers vary.

Cross-Linking

The bonding of molecules into a structure. This gives the polymer increased strength resulting in superior properties. Crosslinking can achieved by either physical (irradiation by an electron beam) or by chemical means.

Cure

For cellular rubber, the time period and temperature in which various chemical reactions (e.g. cross-linking) occurs. This phase of a process is critical as too much time will produce an over-cured product and too little time will produce an under-cured product.

Delamination (Fabric)

The separation of the individual plies in a laminate.

Delamination (PSA)

The undesirable separation or buckling of the release liner from an adhesive layer usually in the parallel direction of the web. Most often found during high humid conditions causing the paper to grow.

Densified foam

Sometimes called felted foam, it is foam that has been permanently compressed through a precisely controlled thermal setting process.

Density

The weight in solids of a unit volume of material expressed in pounds per cubic foot (PCF) or grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³). In other words, it is the ratio of the mass of a body to its volume.

Dielectric Strength

The maximum electric field that a foam rubber product can withstand without breaking down, usually measured in Kilovolts per centimeter. At breakdown, a considerable current passes as an arc, usually with more or less all decomposition of the material along the path of the current.

Dimensional stability

The ability of a foam material part to retain the precise shape in which it was fabricated.

Double Coated

A pressure sensitive adhesive consisting of a carrier with similar or dissimilar adhesives applied to both surfaces.

Dry Web Lamination

A lamination process using heat activated web adhesives.

Durometer

An instrument used to measure the hardness of a material. As a general rule, this method is not as accurate as compression deflection @ 25%. Types of durometers include Shore A, D and 00. The proper one to use for soft, cellular materials is Shore 00.

ECH

Epichlorohydrin. A polymer used in the manufacture of cellular rubber. Its primary characteristics are resistance to swell when exposed to fuel and high temperature resistance up to 325ºF.

Elastomer

A macromolecular material that returns rapidly to approximately the initial dimensions and shape after substantial deformation by a weak stress and the release of the stress.

Elongation

The extension between bench marks produced by a tensile force applied to a specimen. Expressed as a percentage, this test is used to measure the length of stretch in a material before it breaks.

Ensolite®

A family of continuous PVC/Nitrile material manufactured by Armacell LLC.

EPDM

Ethylene Propylene Diene. A polymer used in the manufacture of cellular rubber. It has excellent resistance to sunlight, ozone and heat, and good resistance to alkalis and acids.

EVA

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate. It is generally used as a co-polymer in polyolefin foams resulting in greater resilience and higher tensile and tear performance.

Evazote®

A closed cell gas expanded crosslinked polyethylene/EVA foam manufactured by Zotefoams. This family of material is ideal for use in recreational sporting goods applications and certain industrial applications.

Expanded Rubber

A term reserved for closed-cell compounds that are made by incorporating gas-forming ingredients in the rubber compound or by subjecting the compound to high-pressure gas, such as nitrogen. These materials are manufactured in sheet, roll, strip, molded, and special shapes by molding or extrusion.

Extrusion

Material that is formed by being forced through a shaping orifice as a continuous body.

Fabric Lamination

The process by two or more substrates are fused together under a combination of heat, pressure and adhesives (typically fabric to fabric or fabric to foam).

Fabricator

One that constructs a finished product by combining, assembling or processing a raw material.

Filament

A fiber of an indefinite or extreme length such as found naturally in silk. Manufactured fibers are extruded into filaments that are converted in filament yarn.

Filler

A non-fibrous material added to a fabric to increase its weight or to modify its appearance. Examples are insoluble clays or gypsum, starches or gums.

Flame Retardant

Resistant to catching fire. Usually, additives included in the manufacturing ingredients to prevent the material from catching fire, although some polymers are naturally resistant.

Flammability

The characteristics of a material that pertain to its relative ease and relative ability to sustain combustion.

Fleece Fabric

Typically a brushed, knitted, polyester fabric with relatively high pile.

Fluid Immersion Test

The submersion of a piece of cellular rubber in Fuel B (similar to Jet Fuel). The foam is weighed before and after and the test measures the amount of fuel absorbed by the material. The lower the % of mass gain, the better the resistance to petroleum based fuels.

Foam

A product, either flexible or rigid, that has been produced by the internal generation of a gas in a fluid medium that is polymerizing while expanding in volume. The final result is either an open or closed-cell product.

Foam to Foam Lamination

A method of fusing together two or more different foam substrates. Sometimes used for dual density applications.

Hardness

The resistance to indentation, as measured under specific conditions.

Hole (void)

An unintentional cavity occurring in a cellular rubber product. It is usually circular in appearance, medium to large in size and goes completely through the material.

Hydrophilic

A foam that has an affinity for water or easily absorbs water. A sponge would be an example.

Hydrophobic

A foam that is resistant to water or won't easily absorb water.

HyPUR-cel®

A family of medium to high density, open cell polyurethane foams manufactured by Rubberlite, Inc. that exhibit excellent resistance to compression set, they are breathable and can be cut to a custom thickness.

Indentation Force Deflection (IFD)

A hardness test which consists of measuring the force necessary to produce designated indentations in a foam material. For example, a 25 and 65% compression. Also referred to as Indention Load Deflection (ILD).

Instron

A company who supplies instrumentation, support services and expertise for testing materials, products and structures.

K Factor

A measure of the thermal conductivity of heat insulation expressed as BTUs/sq. ft. Lower values indicate better insulating materials.

Laboratory Accreditation

Accreditation is defined as: the granting of approval to an institution of learning by an official review board after having met specific requirements. This applies to laboratories based on test methods, documentation and traceability.

Lamination

The process of adhering flexible foam, PSA, vinyl and fabrics in a variety of different combinations. Two common processes are fabric lamination and PSA lamination.

Leveling

The process of taking raw material rubber products and skiving thin cuts of material from it until the rubber is uniform in thickness.

Lot Number

A term used to describe the code on a material that is used for traceability.

Machine Direction

The long direction within the plane of a material, in other words, the direction in which the material is being produced by the machine.

Manufacture Date

The quarter of the year that any given material is processed into its final form.

MIL-C-3133C

A military specification for molded or fabricated parts of cellular elastomeric materials. It primarily covers fabricated parts, sampling, marking and packing procedures. It is used in conjunction with Mil-STD-670-B which covers grade numbers and test requirements.

MIL-R-6130C

A military specification which establishes physical property requirements for chemically blown cellular rubber. Some of these requirements ranges are for Compression Deflection @ 25%, Density, Water Absorption, Low Temperature Resistance, Flame Resistance, etc.

MIL-STD-670-B

See MIL-C-3133C

Minicel®

An extremely fine, closed-cell, chemically crosslinked polyolefin foam manufactured by Voltek. It is manufactured in bun form and is available in several densities.

Modulus

Defined as the force required to elongate material.

MVSS-302

Motor Vehicle Safety Standard. This specification (302) describes test procedures used to determine the burn rate of parts, portions of parts, and composites used as interior trim parts in passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses.

Napping

A finishing process that raises the surface fibers of a fabric by means of passage over rapidly revolving cylinders covered with metal points. Produces a downy appearance and is used for certain knit goods, blankets and other fabrics with a raised surface.

Natural Rubber

Derived from botanical sources, primarily from the Heavea brasiliensis tree.

Neoprene (CR) (NEO)

Polychloroprene. A synthetic rubber discovered by the Du Pont Company in 1931. It is a polymer composed of carbon, hydrogen and chlorine. Its features include resistance to petroleum based fluids and flame resistance.

Nitrile Rubber (NBR)

Emulsion copolymers of Butadiene and Acrylonitrile in varying proportions. This chemical is used in the manufacture of expanded rubber primarily for its resistance to swelling in oils and solvents.

Nylon fabric

Man-made fiber in which the forming substance is a synthetic polyamide. These fibers generally exhibit excellent strength, flexibility, elasticity and abrasion resistance.

Nylon/Spandex

A trico fabric specially designed for Rubberlite utilizing bright yarns to produce a slick, high stretch fabric with bright sheen. This fashion forward fabric is used in many higher end consumer products.

Oozing

Concerning PSA, referring to the condition where the sides of a roll become sticky or tacky due to the flowing out of adhesive between the layer of tape.

Open Cell Rubber Material

A rubber product produced by a specific manufacturing process that utilizes a chemical blowing agent that expands the mass during the vulcanization process. Open cell rubber is defined as materials whose cells are not totally enclosed by its walls and open to the surface, either directly or by interconnecting with other cells. The primary characteristics are that water, air or gas can pass through, much like the way water is absorbed by a dish sponge. This type of material is also excellent for padding and cushioning applications where low compression set is required.

Over-Cure

For cellular rubber, the time period or temperature in which various chemical reactions which occur (e.g. cross-linking) last too long. The result is blisters, too tight of a cell structure, voids along the edges, etc. This problem is most apparent on the edges of a material.

Ozone Resistance

The ability of a material to resist degradation in sunlight and/or outdoor exposure.

Physical Properties

Of or pertaining to the matter and energy of a material or the characteristics as applied to physics. For cellular rubber, this pertains to compression deflection, density, water absorption, tensile strength, elongation, etc.

Pin Hole

An unintentional cavity occurring in a cellular rubber product. It is usually circular in appearance, very small and goes completely through the material.

Plastazote®

A closed cell chemically crosslinked polyethylene foam manufactured by Zotefoams. This family of material is ideal for use in cushion and packaging applications.

Plastic

One of many high polymeric substances, including both natural and synthetic products, but excluding rubber. At some stage in its manufacture, every plastic is capable of flowing, under heat and pressure, if necessary, into the desired final shape.

Plasticizer

A substance added to materials during the manufacturing process to improve flexibility, workability, etc.

Plasticizer Migration

Loss of plasticizer from an elastomeric compound. It often migrates to the surface of the material where it is absorbed by another product or evaporates. This process causes the material to lose its flexibility and can contaminate other products.

Plush Nylon fabric

A short pile plush fabric for those customers requiring a soft comfortable fabric next to the end user’s skin.

Polyester fabric

A manufactured fiber in which the fiberforming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of an ester of dihydric alcohol and terephtalic acid (FTC). Polyester fibers are high strength and are resistant to shrinking, stretching and wrinkling.

Polyester Foam

Urethane foams made by reacting isocynate with polyester.

Polyether Foam

Urethane foams made by reacting isocynate with polyether.

Polyethylene

A thermoplastic composed of polymers of ethylene.

Polymer

In dealing with sponge rubber, this is a large molecular chain made up of two or more monomers. These monomers are polymerized or chemically reacted to form a material that is significantly different than either of the two base monomers from which it was made.

Polypropylene

Any of various thermoplastic resins that are polymers of propylene. Propylene is a flammable gas derived from petroleum hydrocarbon cracking and used in organic synthesis.

Polyurethane

Any of various thermoplastic or thermosetting resins, widely varying in flexibility, used in tough chemical-resistant coatings and in adhesives, foams, and electrical insulation.

Pressure Sensitive Adhesive (PSA)

A term used to designate a distinct category of adhesive tapes which in dry (solvent free) form are aggressive and permanently tacky at room temperature and adhere to a variety of surfaces without the need of more than finger or hand pressure. They require no activation by water, solvent or heat and have sufficient cohesive strength so they can be handled with the fingers.

PUR Adhesive

A reactive hot-melt polyurethane used for bonding fabric to fabric or fabric to foam.

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride. A polymer used in the manufacture of expanded rubber. This compound is inherently fire retardant because of its high chlorine content.

RE

Terminology derived from the ASTM-D-1056-65 specification. The R stands for cellular rubbers made from natural rubber, synthetic rubber or rubber-like materials, alone or in combinations where specific resistance to the action of petroleum based oils is not required. The E is a designation for closed-cell material.

Resiliency

A test to determine the shock absorption properties of a foam. On this test, a material is placed flat on an instrument and a weight is dropped onto it from a specified height. The amount of bounce is then taken from a scale to get the final value. The lower the value, the higher the shock absorption properties of the foam.

RO

Terminology derived from the ASTM-D-1056-65 specification. The R stands for cellular rubbers made from natural rubber, synthetic rubber or rubber-like materials, alone or in combinations where specific resistance to the action of petroleum based oils is not required. The O is a designation for open-cell material.

Rubber

A material that is capable of recovering from large deformations quickly and forcibly, and can be, or already is, modified to a state in which it is essentially insoluable (but can swell) in boiling solvent.

Rubber Based Adhesives

An adhesive made from one or more synthetic or natural elastomers and tackifiers to produce a pressure-sensitive adhesive. These adhesives are characterized by having higher quick tack and adhesion than acrylics, however, they lack aging and weather resistance.

SAE-J-18

A test method which covers flexible cellular products known as sponge rubbers and expanded rubbers. It is essentially the same as ASTM-D-1056. The SAE stands for Society of Automotive Engineers.

SBE

Terminology derived from the ASTM-D-1056-65 specification. The SB Designation stands for cellular rubbers made from synthetic rubber or rubber-like materials having oil resistance with low swell. The E is a designation for closed-cell material.

SBR

Styrene-butadiene rubber. A polymer used in the manufacture of expanded rubber. It is very economical and possesses no unique chemical resistance properties.

SCE

Terminology derived from the ASTM-D-1056-65 specification. The SC Designation stands for cellular rubbers made from synthetic rubber or rubber-like materials having oil resistance with medium swell. The E is a designation for closed-cell material.

Scrim (Tissue)

A thin layer of fabric type material that open-cell sponge rubber is extruded and cured upon. It primarily improves the bonding characteristics to PSA and other types of adhesives.

Self-Extinguishing

A somewhat loosely used term describing the ability of a material to cease burning once the source of flame has been removed.

Shelf Life

The period of time that a product can be stored under specific conditions and still remain suitable for use.

Shore

A company that manufacturers testing and other related types of equipment. “00” is a type of durometer used to test the hardness of cellular rubber. “A” is a type of durometer used to test the hardness of solid rubber.

Shrinkage

An inadvertent dimensional decrease of cellular structure without an actual breakdown or collapse of the cell. This characteristic is relatively common in all cellular rubber and plastic products. The primary cause is the equalization of pressure from the manufacturing process to normal atmospheric pressures.

Silicone

A rubber made from silicone elastomers and noted for its retention of flexibility, resilience, tensile strength and wide temperature range.

Skin

A relatively dense layer at the surface of a cellular rubber material. This layer is the result of exposure to heat and/or contact with a mold during the manufacturing process.

Skive

To shave or cut off the surface of a rubber material in a horizontal manner. Sometimes referred to as splitting which means to divide sharply or cleanly into layers.

Slitting

The action of cutting material to width.

Specification

A document that spells out the requirements for a particular material or group of materials. It normally details the physical properties, performance requirements, general composition, sampling procedure and packaging characteristics.

Sponge Rubber

A cellular rubber consisting predominantly of open cells made from a solid rubber compound. These products are manufactured in sheet, roll, strip, and molded or special shapes. Sometimes referred to as foam rubber.

Sportloop

An unbroken loop fabric meeting your need for a low cost, economical and moderate cycle life hook compatible fabric.

Stripping

A product and/or process of producing a long, narrow piece of material that is uniform in width. Sometimes referred to as slitting.

Substrate

The surface to which a pressure-sensitive tape, fabric, foam, etc. is applied.

Supazote®

A closed cell chemically crosslinked polyethylene foam manufactured by Zotefoams. It is formulated to provide an extremely soft feel and is very elastic. This family of material is ideal for use in healthcare applications.

Tear Resistance

The force required to tear completely across a specifically nicked rubber test specimen or right angle test specimen, by elongating at a specific rate.

Temperature Range

The minimum and maximum temperature that a material can be exposed to before the physical properties and/or appearance begins to move out of their specification range.

Tensile Strength

The maximum pounds per square inch (psi) that a material can be stretched lengthwise without tearing, expressed as a percentage of the original length.

Terry Nylon fabric

A rib knit terry nylon construction for applications that require a heavier fabric with abrasion resistance and durability.

Thermal formable

To change the shape and/or structure of a material using heat and a suitable mild structure.

Thermoplastic

A material which is capable of softening or melting at elevated temperatures without degradation so that cooling of the material restores it to its original condition.

Thermoset

A material that is cured or transformed by elevated temperatures into a solid condition from which it does not change, upon reheating, until it reaches the decomposition point. Most urethane materials are thermosetting materials (e.g. flexible and rigid foams).

Tight Cell Structure

A term used to describe the appearance of an expanded cellular rubber material when the individual cells are smaller and/or tighter than normal.

Tolerance

The permissible deviation from a specified value of a dimension.

Transfer Tape

An unsupported pressure-sensitive adhesive on a release liner that has been release coated on both sides.

UBL fabric

An unbroken loop material that engages hook fasteners.In addition to our premium grade loop fastener fabric, we also offer intermediate and economy grades.

UL 94 HF1

Underwriters Laboratory. The 94 is a specification for testing the flammability of plastic materials used for parts in devices and appliances. The HF-1 test is intended to be performed on foamed plastic materials. Other tests include 94 HBF, 94 V-O and 94 5-V

Under cure

For cellular rubber, when the time period in which various chemical reactions occurring (e.g. cross-linking) does not last long enough. The result is a loose cell structure, a mushy appearance, etc. This problem is most apparent in the center of a material and this area will often collapse after skiving.

UV Stabilizer

Any chemical compound which, when mixed with a resin, selectively absorbs UV rays. Since UV wavelengths are shorter than the visible, their photons have more energy, enough to initiate some chemical reactions and to degrade most plastics.

Vinyl

A chemical derived from ethylene and used as a basic material for plastics that are typically tough, flexible, shiny and often used for coverings and clothing.

Visco-cel

A family of medium to high density, viscoelastic polyurethane foams manufactured by Rubberlite, Inc. These foams exhibit excellent memory retention (return to its initial form after compression) and can be cut to a custom thickness.

Viscoelastic

A term describing a urethane foam where the material will return to its initial form or state after deformation or compression.

Void (hole)

An unintentional cavity occurring in a cellular rubber product. It is usually circular in appearance, medium to large in size and goes completely through the material.

Volara®

A cross-linked polyethylene foam manufactured by Voltek. It is extruded to thickness in continuous roll form.

Volextra®

A product manufactured by Voltek. It combines the properties of Volara with the added benefit of a wide range of extrusion coated surfaces on one side, two sides or in between the foam. Volextra® provides enhanced performance, processing and decorative features to meet new surface and structural requirements with a lightweight foam material.

Vulcanization

An irreversible process during which a rubber compound, through a change in its chemical structure, e.g. cross-linking, becomes less plastic and more resistant to swelling by organic liquids. The result is that elastic properties are improved or extended over a wide range of temperatures. Vulcanization can be carried out under numerous conditions but it usually involves heat.

Water Absorption Test

The process of submerging a piece of cellular rubber in distilled water and exposing it to increased atmospheric pressure. The foam is weighed beforehand and afterwards. The test measures the amount of water absorbed by the material. The lower the %, the less water the material absorbs.

Z Suffix

A suffix within ASTM-D-1056 used for special requirements. The test methods and values are to be arranged between the manufacturer and the purchaser.

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All orders are subject to acceptance at Rubberlite’s home office in Huntington, West Virginia. Rubberlite, Inc. may, at its option, deliver all of the goods at one time or make delivery in installments. Each shipment shall constitute a separate sale and, upon the buyer’s failure to give shipping instructions promptly, or to pay for any shipment, Rubberlite, Inc. may cancel the order or suspend delivery at its option. If the buyer’s financial situation so indicates, Rubberlite, Inc. may suspend or alter the credit terms or requires payment before shipment, delivery, or manufacture. The buyer may not cancel, alter, or suspend delivery on any order except with Rubberlite, Inc.’s prior written consent, signed by its Vice President - Sales at Huntington, West Virginia.

Returns; Exclusive Remedy

Products returned without Rubberlite, Inc.’s prior written authorization will not be accepted for credit. If (i) the buyer claims that goods are defective in material or workmanship and (ii) the buyer promptly forwards a representative sample of such goods to Rubberlite, Inc. for examination, Rubberlite, Inc. shall at its option, replace such goods that it determines to be so defective or, subject to the terms provided herein, credit the buyer’s account for the contract price of such goods. The buyer’s exclusive remedy for any defect in material or workmanship shall be to return the goods having such defect in accordance herewith. In all cases, the buyer shall not be entitled to, and expressly waives, any right to recover incidental or consequential damages. All returned goods must be new, in saleable condition, with freight charges prepaid. No credit will be allowed for returned goods of special manufacture, or any other goods returned more than 30 days after shipment. A minimum restocking charge of 20% of the selling price will be paid by the buyer to cover handling and inspection of any materials returned.

Shipments and Delivery

Rubberlite, Inc. shall not be responsible for delays for failure of shipment caused by the buyer or arising from any cause beyond Rubberlite, Inc.’s control, including, but not limited to embargoes, government regulations, trade restrictions, accidents, war, riot, earthquakes, storms, fire, and failure of sources of supply or delay in receiving machinery or material. A reasonable delay on Rubberlite, Inc.’s part to make any shipment or part of a shipment shall not be grounds for cancellation of the order. Receipt of goods or materials by the buyer or the buyer’s agent shall constitute acceptance of delivery and waiver of all claims for loss or damage due to delay. No cancellation shall be permitted after shipment of goods.

Inspection; Assumption of Risk

BEFORE USING BUYER SHALL DETERMINE THE SUITABILITY OF THE PRODUCT FOR BUYER’S INTENDED USE, AND BUYER ASSUMES ALL RISK AND LIABILITY WHATSOEVER IN CONNECTION THEREWITH. The buyer shall inspect the goods within twenty-four (24) hours after receipt. All claims for damages, errors, shortages, defects in material workmanship in goods delivered shall be made within a period of 30 days after the goods are delivered to the buyer. Failure to make any claim within 30 days shall constitute an irrevocable acceptance of the goods and an admission that they fully comply with all terms, conditions, and specifications of sale.

Infringements

The buyer shall save Rubberlite, Inc. harmless from all expense, loss, or liability, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, resulting from any claims of infringement of patents, design patents, copyrights, or trademarks, or of unfair competition in connection with any goods prepared wholly or partly in accordance with the buyer’s design or specifications. Rubberlite, Inc. makes no warranty that the goods are delivered free of any infringement.

Compliance

Rubberlite, Inc. represents that the products described are produced and will be sold in full compliance with all requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act as amended.

Limited Warranty; Disclaimer

Rubberlite, Inc. warrants that the goods are as described, and are free from defects in material and workmanship at the time of shipment thereof, but no other express warranty is made in respect to the goods. No consideration shall be given for adjustment concerning possible defective materials unless notice is provided in writing to Rubberlite, Inc. at its office at 2501 Guyan Avenue in Huntington, West Virginia, within 30 days after the goods are delivered to the buyer. This warranty shall not apply to goods misused, subjected to accident, damage in transit or in any manner altered or repaired by any party other than Rubberlite, Inc. This limited warranty and the obligations and liabilities of Rubberlite, Inc. hereunder are exclusive and in lieu of, and the buyer hereby waives all other remedies, warranties, guarantees or liabilities, express or implied, arising by law or otherwise (including without limitation any obligations of the Rubberlite, Inc. with respect to fitness, merchantability, incidental and consequential damages) or whether or not occasioned by Rubberlite, Inc.’s negligence. RUBBERLITE, INC. MAKES NO WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY WITH RESPECT TO THE GOODS OR THAT SUCH GOODS ARE FIT FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. No agent, employee or representative of Rubberlite, Inc. is authorized to make any warranties, affirmations or representations as to products sold by it and unless such warranty, affirmation or representation is in writing and signed by an authorized officer of Rubberlite, Inc., it shall not be enforceable by the buyer. No waiver or modification of these terms or conditions shall be valid unless signed by an officer of Rubberlite, Inc. in Huntington, West Virginia.

Forum; Choice of Law

The buyer acknowledges that it has been advised and is aware that all matters relating to the distribution of Rubberlite, Inc.’s goods and to matters of policy are directed from and decided at Rubberlite, Inc.’s executive offices in the State of West Virginia, County of Cabell. The buyer agrees that venue in any action relating in any way to this or any other order, including, without limitation, an action to recover sums owed by the buyer or related to a claim of any defect with respect to any goods delivered by Rubberlite, Inc. lies exclusively in the State and Federal courts sitting in Cabell County, West Virginia, and the buyer consents to the jurisdiction of said courts for such purposes. In connection with any such action, it is agreed that this order shall be governed by the laws of the State of West Virginia, including the Uniform Commercial Code of such state, without regard to conflict of law rules.

Conflicting Forms

The sale of goods is expressly limited to these terms and conditions of sale. By placing an order with Rubberlite, Inc. the buyer agrees to these terms and conditions of sale and such terms and conditions of sale shall control the relations of Rubberlite, Inc. and the buyer. Rubberlite, Inc. hereby objects to and expressly rejects any additional terms or conditions of sale or any terms or conditions of sale which in any way alter or limit these terms and conditions of sale whether such additional or altering terms or conditions have previously been provided or may subsequently be provided by the buyer. By accepting this order, the buyer agrees that Rubberlite, Inc. shall not be bound by any additional terms or conditions of sale or any terms or conditions of sale which in any way alter or limit these terms and conditions of sale, whether or not such additional terms or conditions of sale have previously been provided or which may subsequently be provided by the buyer.

Modifications; Waiver

These terms and conditions of sale may be modified or rescinded only by a writing signed by both of the parties or their duly authorized agents. Waiver by either Rubberlite, Inc. or the buyer of a breach by the other of any provision of these terms and conditions of sale shall not be deemed a waiver of the party’s right to require in the future full compliance with all provisions of these terms and conditions of sale including the provision waived, and all provisions shall remain in full force and effect as to future performances.

Assignment; Delegation

No right or interest shall be assigned by the buyer without the written permission of Rubberlite, Inc. and no delegation of any obligation owed by the buyer shall be made without the written permission of Rubberlite, Inc. Any attempted assignment or delegation shall be wholly void and totally ineffective for all purposes.

Statute of Limitations on Buyer’s Claims

Any action by the buyer for breach of these terms and conditions of sale or any warranty, express or implied, must be commenced within one (1) year after the cause of action has accrued. This provision shall not apply to any claim by Rubberlite, Inc. against buyer, including, without limitation, any claim by Rubberlite, Inc. for amounts owed to it by the buyer.

Risk of Loss

The risk of loss of the goods shall pass to the buyer as soon as the goods are identified to the contract.

Descriptive Headings

Descriptive headings used in these terms and conditions of sale are for convenience only and shall not control or affect the meaning or construction of any provision of these terms and conditions of sale.

Invalid Provisions

The invalidity or unenforceability of any particular provision of these terms and conditions of sale shall not affect the other provisions hereof, and these terms and conditions of sale shall be construed in all respects as if such invalid or unenforceable provisions were omitted

Credit Application

Our Accounting team is always at your service for credit requirements, account payments and other needs associated with your purchases.

For the following credit application, please print the form and fax to Rubberlite at (304) 525-6620.

Credit Application

Media Library

News

Thu, Nov 30

We are introducing your new favorite tool! Our Interactive Technical Guide will assist you in identifying Rubberlite HyPUR-cel and Visco-cel materials that may be ideally suited to meet your product requirements. The mission of this design tool is to provide several material options based upon your application requirements. Check it out today! http://rubberlite.com/customer-support-1

Fri, Nov 17

Rubberlite hosted a golf scramble tournament for their employees at Riviera Country Club recently. Winning team finishing-12 was Ed Littlehales, Alexie Adkins and Dave Wise. Longest putt went to Alexie Adkins. Longest Drive went to Jacob Beahrs (not pictured). Closest to the pin on the 6th hole was David Thompson and closest to the pin on the 13th hole was Brian Winkler.

Tue, Oct 24

Take a look at what sets Rubberlite apart from the rest. We serve as the single source for design, development, and supply of high-performing laminated and coated composite materials, including our latest trademark SUR-fex®. Along with low minimums, great quality, and quick delivery, Rubberlite has everything in one place.

Mon, Oct 23

Rubberlite expansion to meet growing demand. Check out our time-lapse video.

Wed, Oct 18

Thank you to everyone that stopped by our booth at the Aimcal R2R Conference USA 2017!

Videos

Over the years we have grown and progressed and wanted to reflect that visually. We hope you enjoy our video and find it informative for your business. We strive to continue our strong relationships with our customers and be a place where innovation happens everyday.

Contact Us

Street Address:
2501 Guyan Avenue
Huntington WV 25703

Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 2965
Huntington WV 25728

Phone: (304) 525-3116
Fax: (304) 523-4316




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